Sikhism is non-Semitic, Aryan, non-Vedic religion. Though not a major religion of the world, it is a branch or offshoot of Hinduism founded by Guru Nanak at the end of 15th century. It originated in the area of Pakistan and North West Indian called Punjab meaning the land of the five rivers. Guru Nanak was born in kshatiya (warrior caste) of a Hindu family but was strongly influenced by Islam and Muslims.
Definition of Sikh and Sikhism
The word “Sikh” is derived from the word ‘Sisya’ meaning disciple or follower. Sikhism is a religion of 10 Gurus, the first Guru being Guru Nanak and the 10th and the last being Guru Gobind Singh. The sacred book of Sikhism is Sri
Guru Granth also called Adi Granth sahib.
Every Sikh is supposes to keep the five K's which also serve as his identity.
1.Kesh- uncut hair; which all Gurus kept
2.Khanga- comb; which all Gurus kept
3.Kada- metal or steel bangle; for strength and self restraint
4.Kirpan- dagger; for self defense
5.Kaccha- special knee length underwear or underdrawer for agility
Mulmantra: The Fundamental Creed of
The best definition that any Sikh can give regarding concept of God is Sikhism is quote the "Mul Mantra" - the fundamental creed of Sikhism, which occurs at the beginning of Guru Granth Sahib.
It is mentioned in Sri Guru Granth Sahib volume 1 Japuji, the first verse "There exsits but the one God, who is called the true the creator, free from fear and hate, immortal not begotten self-existant, Great and Compassionate".
Sikhism enjoins on its followers strict monotheism. It beleives in only One Supreme God who is, in the unmanliest form called 'Ek omkara'.
In the manifest form He is called as Omkara and has several attributes such as:
Kartar- The Creator
Sahib- The Lord
Sattanama- The Holy name
Rahim- The Benevolent
He is also called "Wahe Guru" - The One true God.
Besides Sikhism being strictly monotheistic, it does not beleive in Avataravada- the doctrine of incarnation.
Almighty God does not incarnate Himself in what is known as Avatara. Sikhism is Also stronghly against idol worship
Guru Nanak influenced by Kabir
Guru Nanak Influenced by the sayings of Sant Kabir so much that several chapters of shri Guru Nanak Sahib contain couplets of Sant kabir
One of the famous couplets of Sant Kabir is:
"Dukh mein sumirana sabh karein sukh mein karein na koye jo sukh mein sumirana karein to dukh kaye hoye"
(Everyone remembers God during trouble but no one remembers Him During peace and happiness. The one who remembers God during peace and happiness why should he have trouble?)
Compare this with the following verses of the Holy Quran:
"When some trouble touches man, he cries unto his Lord, turning to Him in repentence. But then He bestows a fovor upon him from himself, he forgets that for which he cried for before, and he sets up rivals to Allah" (Quran 39:8)